Excellence in Earth Sciences

Understanding the earth in its totality, transcending the boundaries of disciplines and gaining knowledge on the interactive and competing processes that shape the earth, from its evolution to the present status of ever increasing demand for natural resources, call for an all encompassing and multidisciplinary approach. Establishment of CESS in 1978 by Prof. C. Karunakaran was a recognition and realisation of this need to study earth's process in its total perspective.

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Buried sub-fossil logs and peats hold geo-evolution clues

The buried sub-fossil logs and peats in the wetlands of coastal plains and over bank areas offer an important source of information on environmental changes of the Holocene – the time span representing the last 10000 years of earth history. The local people in the coastal lands are familiar with the occurrence of this buried wood as it is often dug out and used as a source of fuel and/or timber for making furniture. However, such wood, buried in the shallow subsurface strata, has not attracted adequate attention of geoscientists or dendro- chronologists. The investigations of the research team comprising Dr.K.P.N. Kumaran and Dr.Ruta B. Limaye from Agharkar Research Institute (Pune), Dr.D. Padmalal and Dr.K.M.Nair (Retd) from National Centre for Earth Science Studies (Thiruvananthapuram) and Dr.J.S. Guleria, Dr. R. Srivastava and Dr. A. Shukla from Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (Lucknow) were studying the sub-fossil logs and embedding sediments in the coastal plains and adjacent hinterland of Kerala State, situated in the southwestern part of India, since 1998. Unlike the woods of older geological periods, the Holocene woods are seldom preserved as petrified or per mineralized forms. Here wood is fossilized as a charcoal-like material, called ‘fusains’ in the lignites and peat or remains undecayed as a subfossil. Considering their ubiquity in the sedimentary sequence, the fossil wood represents a unique palaeoenvironmental database.More...
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Dr. K. P. N. Kumaran,, CSIR Emeritus Scientist attached to Agharkar Research Institute, Pune and Researchers of Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram examining the sub- fossil wood unearthed from Vettiyar wetlands in southern Kerala.

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Vision & Mission

Vision Statement

Vision : To excel in solid earth research and its applications'

Mission : Foster multidisciplinary research in emerging areas of solid earth science, provide services by utilizing this knowledge for earth science applications and generate leadership capabilities in the selected areas.

Areas of Research

NCESS is a premier institute in India that has strong linkages to researches and studies related to the Earth System. The major two areas are Earth System Dynamics and Earth Science Applications.

Facilities at NCESS

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  • Facilities at CESS
  • Facilities at CESS

National Centre for Earth Science Studies is having many facilities for conducting scientific studies and analysis, the research laboratories are well equipped to provide accurate results about various study areas entrusted to NCESS from time to time.